Heterogeneous Field Robotics
Multiple Agricultural Unmanned Aerial Vehicles for Remote Sensing
In this study, we develop a multi-UAV system for agriculture using the distributed swarm control algorithm and evaluate the performance of the system. The performance of the proposed agricultural multi-UAV system is quantitatively evaluated and analyzed through four experimental cases: single UAV with autonomous control, multiple UAVs with autonomous control, single UAV with remote control, and multiple UAVs with remote control. Moreover, the performance of each system was analyzed through seven performance metrics: total time, setup time, flight time, battery consumption, inaccuracy of land, haptic control effort, and coverage ratio. Experimental results indicate that the performance of the multi-UAV system is significantly superior to the single-UAV system.
Supervisory Control of Heterogeneous Agricultural Field Robots
Cooperation among heterogeneous agricultural field robots in an agricultural environment guarantees the advantages of effectiveness and scalability. However, traditional control theories for coordination among multiple heterogeneous robots lack a systematic modeling method and a control strategy under unstructured and uncertain environments. To handle these limitations, a novel approach based on the Ramadge–Wonham theory and discrete event system is proposed in this paper. Specifications and a supervisory controller based on discrete event models were defined from an agricultural perspective considering cooperation among heterogeneous agricultural field robots. Discrete event systems were modeled through the automata theory and the behavior of heterogeneous field robots satisfied the designed specifications. The resulting supervisor ensures that the control objectives of formation control, obstacle avoidance, and path following are satisfied.